The Difference: Include vs Includes Understanding Their Function

1. Introduction: Understanding The Distinction Between “Include” And “Includes”

Include and includes are words that are often used interchangeably, but they have distinct grammatical functions. Both words convey the idea of something being part of a whole, but their usage differs based on the subject they are referring to.

In this article, we will explore the difference between include and includes and provide examples to demonstrate their correct usage.

2. Differentiating Usage: “Includes” As Third-Person Singular And “Include” For Plural Subjects

One important aspect of understanding the difference between include and includes is knowing that “includes” is the third-person singular form of the verb “include.” When the subject is singular, such as a person or a thing, we use “includes.” On the other hand, “include” is used when the subject is plural, referring to more than one person or thing.

  • “Includes” is used for a singular subject: He includes his favorite book in his backpack.
  • “Include” is used for a plural subject: The options include various colors and sizes.

    3. The Grammatical Difference: Verbs Do Not Have A Plural Form Like Nouns

    Unlike nouns, which have both singular and plural forms, verbs do not have a plural form. Verbs, including “include,” do not change based on the number of the subject.

    Instead, we alter the verb form to match the subject by using the appropriate pronoun.

    4. Applying The Correct Form: Singular Subjects Require “Includes,” While Plural Subjects Use “Include”

    To ensure grammatical accuracy, it is crucial to use the correct form of “include” based on the subject. If the subject is singular, then “includes” should be used, and if the subject is plural, then “include” is the appropriate choice.

    This adherence to subject agreement helps maintain clarity and coherence in sentences.

    5. Usage Examples: Demonstrating The Correct Usage Of “Include” In Sentences

    To better understand the correct usage of “include,” let’s look at some examples:

  • Her schedule includes multiple meetings throughout the day.
  • The recipe includes a list of ingredients and step-by-step instructions.
  • The package includes a bonus gift for our valued customers.

    These examples showcase the use of “include” in sentences where the subject is singular, and “includes” is the correct form of the verb.

    6. Singular Subject Usage: How To Correctly Use “Includes” With A One-Person Or One-Thing Subject

    When referring to a singular subject, it is important to use “includes.” Here are some guidelines for using “includes” correctly:

  • When talking about an individual’s possessions: His collection includes rare stamps and coins.
  • Describing a person’s attributes: Her talent includes singing and dancing.
  • Referring to one item from a group: The menu includes a wide range of vegetarian options.

    Remember, when the subject is singular, “includes” is used to maintain grammatical accuracy.

    7. Plural Subject Usage: Applying “Include” When The Subject Is More Than One Person Or Thing

    When the subject is plural, we use “include” to match the number of the subject. Here are some examples:

  • The options include different colors and designs.
  • Their responsibilities include managing the budget and coordinating team activities.
  • The job requirements include a bachelor’s degree and three years of experience.

    In these examples, “include” is correctly used because the subjects refer to more than one person or thing.

    8. Summary: Recapitulating The Key Aspects Of Using “Include” And “Includes” Correctly

    To summarize, “include” and “includes” are both used to indicate that something is part of a whole. However, their usage depends on the number of the subject.

    Remember the following key points:

  • “Includes” is used with singular subjects.
  • “Include” is used with plural subjects.
  • Verbs, including “include,” do not have a plural form like nouns.

    By applying these rules and using the correct form of “include” based on the subject, we can ensure grammatically accurate and cohesive writing.

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